SLOWDOWN IN SERVICES INDUSTRY SPOOKS MARKETS
Financial markets last week continued to ebb and flow in response to the usual considerations. Concerns over the state of global economy were relieved alternately by signs of possible breakthroughs on China-US trade talks, then by the belief that central banks will rush to the rescue, whatever happens.
Last week was rough for equity markets, driven down by evidence pointing to a brutal deterioration in the global outlook for economic growth. The latest set of manufacturing PMIs sharpened fears of a recession.
Globally, the manufacturing PMI is situated at 49.7 – a whisker below the line marking expansion. Now the signs of slowing output are starting to contaminate the services sector as well. The release of the ISM US non-manufacturing PMI, which plunged to 52.6, put the wind up investors, even though such a reading is perfectly compatible with GDP growth of 1.5-2% in the US during the third quarter. Once again, hope of even looser monetary policies, featuring another rate cut by the Fed the next time it meets, restored stability to stocks, which were able to recoup some of their losses last week.
Fed chief Jerome Powell made some reassuring noises, admitting that a risk hangs over growth, but that the economy is still in fine form. Non-farm payrolls, released on Friday, provided further relief to investors as job creation clocked in only slightly below estimates at +136,000. Moreover, the rate of unemployment dipped by -0.2 of a percentage point to 3.5% – its lowest level in 50 years. The most calming influence came from the pedestrian wage growth (+2.9% year on year), signalling that inflation is still ticking along short of expectations and thus allowing the Fed to continue cutting rates.
Trade talks are due to resume between China and the US on Thursday and Friday, with the visit of vice-premier Liu He to Washington. There seems to be slightly more urgency in the mood, although rumours have suggested that the Chinese have scaled back the scope of any potential agreement.
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